Bioeconomy and green engineering as foundations for future circular green economy (PEER GE)


The objective of this project is to produce increased understanding about the concepts and foundations for future (circular) and green economy that secures the maintenance of the full range of ecosystem services on which society relies. The project synthesizes recent work related to the topic. Case studies will be utilised to reveal opportunities, but also barriers and challenges for the transformation into a zero waste, renewable- bio- and ecosystem-services-based production system. In addition, the project will will examine and see how (find examples) on how green engineering, organisation, green infrastructure, planning and other political measures can serve as instruments for environmental and climate mitigation, developing circular resource flows and prevent any irreversible use and depletion of resources, ecosystems and their services  (water, air, land, soils and genes and nutrients). 


The project is divided in three tasks that are connected, interrelated and collaborative.

  1.  Defining a framework of green economy
  2. Case studies and lessons learned – opportunities, barriers and challenges for the transformation into circular green economy.
  3. The potential of green economy experiences in current and future markets, land use systems and their institutional frameworks.


Final report "Implementing the green economy in a European context. Lessons learned from theories, concepts and case studies" is available from this link

Scientific articles

Droste, N., Hansjürgens, B., Kuikman, P., Antikainen, R., Leskinen, P., Pitkänen, K.,  Saikku, L., Loiseau, E., Thomsen, M. 2016. Supporting innovations for the transition towards a green economy: An analysis of governance factors and government intervention in five European cases. Journal of Cleaner Production 135: 426-434, doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.06.123.

Pitkänen, K, Antikainen, R., Droste., N., Loiseau, E., Saikku, L, Aissani, L., Hansjürgens, B., Kuikman, P.J. , Leskinen, P., Thomsen, M. What can be learned from practical cases of green economy? –studies from five European countries. Journal of Cleaner Production 139(2016): 666-676.

Loiseau, E., Saikku, L.,  Antikainen, R., Leskinen, P., Pitkänen, K.,  Droste, N., Hansjürgens, B., Kuikman, P., Thomsen, M. Green economy and related concepts: an overview. Journal of Cleaner Production 139- 361-371.


Further information

Research Coordinator Riina Antikainen, Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE)





Published 2014-10-02 at 15:24, updated 2020-07-07 at 9:53

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